When is Dhanteras 2023: History, Significance, Rituals

Haappy Dhanteras

In the luminous tapestry of India’s festive calendar, Dhanteras emerges as a jewel in its own right—an auspicious day that heralds the commencement of the grand Diwali celebrations. Known as the “Festival of Wealth,” Dhanteras holds a special place in the hearts and homes of millions across the country.

As we embark on this journey to explore the essence of Dhanteras, we find ourselves drawn into a world where wealth transcends the mere material and becomes a celebration of abundance in all its forms—prosperity, health, happiness, and spiritual wealth. In this blog, we shall delve deep into the historical roots, significance, rituals, and modern relevance of Dhanteras.

Dhanteras is more than just a day of shopping for gold, silver, or utensils. It is a day infused with the richness of tradition and spirituality, a day when families come together to seek the blessings of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kubera, the guardians of wealth. It is a day when homes are adorned with lamps and diyas, illuminating the path to prosperity and well-being.

In the following sections, we shall journey through the annals of history to uncover the origins of Dhanteras, explore its deep-seated significance in Indian culture, and unravel the timeless customs and rituals that make this day truly special. We will also examine the modern-day transformations of Dhanteras, reflecting on its relevance in today’s fast-paced world.

So, join us on this illuminating voyage as we embrace the radiant spirit of Dhanteras—a festival that transcends riches and embodies the essence of prosperity in its truest sense.

Historical Origins

The historical origins of Dhanteras, the auspicious festival celebrated on the thirteenth day of the Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) in the month of Kartik (usually falling in October or November), are steeped in mythological tales and legends. To understand the roots of Dhanteras, we must journey back in time and explore the fascinating stories associated with this significant day:

1. Legend of King Hima’s Son:

One of the most well-known legends associated with Dhanteras revolves around the story of King Hima and his young son.

According to legend, King Hima’s son was destined to die on the fourth day of his marriage due to a snake bite.

However, his wife was determined to save his life. On the fateful night of his predicted death, she meticulously placed all her ornaments, gold and silver coins, and brightly lit lamps in their chamber.

To protect her husband from the bite of a snake, she kept him awake by narrating stories and singing songs. As the night progressed, a small mouse arrived in the chamber and began to gnaw on the ornaments and coins.

The sound of the mouse’s activities and the dazzling brightness of the lamps kept the husband awake. In the end, the serpent, unable to approach due to the glare of the lamps, left without harming the son.

Thus, the wife’s devotion and cleverness saved her husband’s life. This event is believed to have given rise to the tradition of lighting lamps and purchasing precious metals on Dhanteras to invite prosperity and ward off ill fortune.

2. Connection with Lord Dhanvantari:

Dhanteras is also associated with Lord Dhanvantari, who is considered the god of medicine and healing in Hinduism.

According to scriptures, during the churning of the ocean (Samudra Manthan), Lord Dhanvantari emerged holding the pot of Amrit (nectar of immortality) in his hands.

His appearance symbolized the triumph of good over evil and the arrival of health and well-being.

As a result, people offer prayers to Lord Dhanvantari on Dhanteras to seek blessings for good health and the prevention of diseases.

These captivating legends and historical tales form the bedrock of Dhanteras, infusing it with profound meaning and significance. Dhanteras is not merely a day of material wealth; it is a celebration of life, prosperity, and the enduring human spirit to overcome obstacles and welcome blessings into our homes and hearts.

Significance of Dhanteras

The significance of Dhanteras, also known as Dhanatrayodashi, lies at the heart of Diwali, the Festival of Lights. This auspicious day holds deep spiritual and cultural importance in Hindu traditions and is celebrated with great enthusiasm across India and among Hindus worldwide. Let’s delve into the multifaceted significance of Dhanteras:

1. Welcoming Prosperity:

Dhanteras marks the beginning of the Diwali festivities and is celebrated as the “Festival of Wealth.” It is believed that purchasing and bringing new items, especially gold, silver, or utensils, on this day invites wealth and prosperity into one’s home.

People consider it an opportune time to make significant purchases, start new ventures, and invest in precious metals, which are seen as a symbol of financial security.

2. Invocation of Goddess Lakshmi:

Dhanteras is dedicated to the worship of Goddess Lakshmi, the deity of wealth, fortune, and prosperity. Devotees offer prayers to seek her blessings for abundance, success, and financial well-being.

It is believed that Goddess Lakshmi visits homes that are clean, well-lit, and spiritually pure. Hence, cleaning and decorating homes and lighting oil lamps (diyas) are essential customs.

3. Religious Significance:

In addition to material wealth, Dhanteras holds a spiritual significance. It is a day when devotees express gratitude to the divine for their blessings and seek blessings for a prosperous future.

Lord Dhanvantari, the god of medicine and healing, is also worshipped on this day. People pray for good health and well-being for themselves and their loved ones.

4. Family Togetherness:

Dhanteras brings families together as they participate in cleaning and decorating their homes, preparing special meals, and performing puja rituals.

It is a time for bonding, sharing stories, and strengthening family ties.

5. Traditional Customs:

Traditional customs and rituals associated with Dhanteras, such as the lighting of diyas, drawing rangoli, and conducting puja, create an atmosphere of festivity and spiritual reverence.

These customs symbolize the triumph of light over darkness, good over evil, and the dispelling of negativity.

6. Auspicious Beginnings:

Many consider Dhanteras an ideal day to initiate new ventures, make important financial decisions, or purchase long-lasting assets like real estate.

It is believed that any new beginnings made on Dhanteras are blessed with prosperity and success.

7. Cultural Bond:

Dhanteras transcends religious boundaries and has become a cultural celebration that unites people of various backgrounds in India and beyond.

The exchange of gifts, sweets, and tokens of love on Dhanteras fosters a sense of camaraderie and goodwill.

In essence, Dhanteras is a day of wealth, both material and spiritual. It symbolizes the pursuit of prosperity and the acknowledgment of the divine blessings that enrich our lives. It is a day to celebrate the abundance that surrounds us and to express gratitude for the goodness that flows into our homes and hearts.


Dhanteras, the “Festival of Wealth,” is celebrated with a variety of rituals and customs that hold deep significance in Hindu culture. These rituals are observed to invoke the blessings of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kubera, the guardians of wealth, and to ensure prosperity and well-being for the family. Here are some of the prominent rituals and traditions associated with Dhanteras:

1. Cleaning and Decorating Homes:

The preparations for Dhanteras begin with thorough cleaning and decorating of homes. Families clean every nook and corner of their houses to welcome Goddess Lakshmi.

Colorful rangoli designs are drawn at the entrance, and flower garlands, torans (door hangings), and traditional decorations adorn the home.

2. Lighting Oil Lamps (Diyas):

The evening of Dhanteras is illuminated with the warm glow of oil lamps and diyas. Lighting lamps symbolizes the triumph of light over darkness and the dispelling of negativity.

Lamps are placed in every part of the house, including the puja room, to create an inviting and auspicious atmosphere.

3. Buying Precious Metals:

One of the central customs of Dhanteras is the purchase of precious metals, especially gold, silver, or utensils. Buying new items on this day is believed to invite wealth and prosperity into the household.

People often visit jewelry shops and markets to make these significant purchases.

4. Dhanteras Puja:

Dhanteras is observed with great devotion through the performance of a special puja. Families gather in the evening to offer prayers to Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kubera.

The puja typically involves the recitation of sacred mantras, the offering of flowers, fruits, sweets, and incense, and the lighting of lamps.

Devotees seek the blessings of the deities for prosperity, success, and protection from financial difficulties.

5. Wealth Worship:

In some regions, people create a symbolic representation of their wealth by placing books of accounts, coins, and jewelry alongside the idols of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kubera.

This act is a way of acknowledging and expressing gratitude for the wealth and resources they possess.

6. Recitation of Mantras and Aartis:

Devotees recite hymns, mantras, and aartis dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kubera.

The melodious singing of aartis fills the air with spiritual fervor, and it is believed to attract divine blessings.

7. Offering Prasad:

After the puja, devotees offer prasad (sacred food) to the deities. Prasad often includes sweets like ladoos, pedas, and other traditional dishes.

The prasad is considered blessed and is distributed among family members and guests.

8. Exchanging Gifts:

Dhanteras is a time for exchanging gifts and tokens of love among family members, friends, and neighbors.

It strengthens bonds and fosters a sense of camaraderie.

9. Lighting Firecrackers:

In some regions, people celebrate Dhanteras by lighting firecrackers in the evening, adding to the festive atmosphere.

These rituals and customs of Dhanteras are not only a means of seeking prosperity but also a way of expressing gratitude for the blessings of wealth, health, and happiness. They create an atmosphere of devotion, togetherness, and spirituality, making Dhanteras a cherished and significant occasion in the Diwali festival season.


In the glow of oil lamps and the fragrance of incense, we conclude our exploration of Dhanteras—a festival that radiates prosperity, tradition, and spiritual significance. As we reflect on the rituals and customs that define this auspicious day, it becomes evident that Dhanteras transcends the mere exchange of wealth; it is a celebration of abundance in its many forms.

Dhanteras marks the commencement of the Diwali season, inviting families to come together in a shared journey of devotion, gratitude, and celebration. The rituals of cleaning and decorating homes, lighting diyas, and performing pujas create a sacred atmosphere that resonates with the triumph of light over darkness, good over evil.

The practice of purchasing precious metals on Dhanteras symbolizes not just material wealth but also the wealth of values, traditions, and the enduring spirit of togetherness. It is a reminder that prosperity is not solely measured in gold and silver but also in the love, blessings, and prosperity that surround us.

Dhanteras is a time for acknowledging the wealth we possess, both material and spiritual. It is a day to express gratitude for the goodness that flows into our lives and to seek the blessings of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kubera for continued abundance. It is a day for reflection, devotion, and the strengthening of familial bonds.

As we light our lamps, draw rangoli patterns, and perform pujas, may the radiance of Dhanteras illuminate our hearts and homes. Let us embrace the spirit of wealth, prosperity, and tradition that this festival represents, and may it usher in a season of joy, love, and well-being for all.

We extend our warmest wishes to you and your loved ones for a blessed and prosperous Dhanteras, and may the light of this auspicious day shine brightly in your lives throughout the year.