How to celebrate Karwa Chauth 2023- A Puja Guide (With Steps)


Karwa Chauth, a revered Hindu festival, holds a special place in the hearts of married women across India. It’s a day of unwavering devotion, where wives observe a day-long fast from sunrise to moonrise, seeking blessings for the well-being and longevity of their husbands.

As the moon graces the night sky, it becomes a moment of profound significance, symbolizing love, commitment, and the strength of the marital bond. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the intricacies of celebrating Karwa Chauth in the year 2023.

From understanding the historical and cultural context to navigating the rituals with grace, this guide is designed to ensure that you embark on this journey fully equipped to honor tradition, strengthen connections, and partake in the beautiful tapestry of faith and love that Karwa Chauth embodies.

Whether you are a seasoned participant or a first-time observer, this guide will illuminate every step of the process, allowing you to embrace the essence of Karwa Chauth with reverence and joy.

Karaka Chaturthi, also known as karwa chauth will be celebrated on Wednesday, 01 November 2023. This festival is accepted as a restricted holiday in various parts of India. It is a major festival celebrated among married and unmarried women of India.

Understanding Karwa Chauth

Karwa Chauth, deeply rooted in Indian culture, is a significant fasting ritual observed by married Hindu women. The word “Karwa” refers to a small earthen pot used in rituals, and “Chauth” signifies the fourth day of the Kartik month in the Hindu lunar calendar. The festival holds both religious and social importance, symbolizing the devotion, love, and sacrifice within marital relationships.

Historically, Karwa Chauth served as a prayer for the safety and well-being of husbands who were away on military campaigns or business trips. Over time, it evolved into a cherished tradition celebrated with enthusiasm by married women across generations.

The fasting ritual is rigorous, requiring women to abstain from food and water from sunrise until the sighting of the moon. This period of abstinence symbolizes self-discipline, endurance, and the depth of their commitment. Women break their fast only after seeing the moon and their husband’s face through a sieve, followed by a special meal.

The festival’s allure lies not only in its rituals but also in the emotions it evokes. Karwa Chauth celebrates the enduring bond between spouses, highlighting the values of sacrifice, love, and togetherness. As women deck themselves in finery, applying intricate mehndi patterns on their hands and exchanging gifts, the spirit of Karwa Chauth transforms into a vibrant celebration of love, unity, and the eternal promise of marriage.

Preparations and Planning

Karwa Chauth is a festival that demands meticulous preparations and careful planning. In the days leading up to the event, married women engage in a flurry of activities to ensure the day is not only observed with devotion but also marked by seamless arrangements.

The process begins with selecting traditional attire, often richly adorned sarees, lehengas, or suits, which adds to the festive spirit. The application of intricate mehndi patterns on hands and feet becomes an artful expression and an essential preparation.

One of the most important aspects is the Sargi, the pre-dawn meal consumed before the fasting begins. Comprising fruits, dry fruits, and traditional sweets, it sustains women throughout the day.

Creating a Puja thali is a ritual in itself, complete with a beautifully decorated Karwa (pot), a sieve, a diya (lamp), rice, water, and symbolic items like sindoor (vermillion) and mehndi cones. The choice of waterless beauty routines becomes crucial, ensuring that your appearance remains fresh despite the fasting.

Informing family and close friends about your observance is a considerate gesture, particularly if you plan to gather for the evening rituals. Gathering all the required puja items, noting the moonrise timing for your location, and setting your intentions and prayers adds a spiritual dimension to your preparations.

As the day approaches, practicing mindfulness infuses each action with intention and deepens your connection to the significance of Karwa Chauth. Through these well-planned preparations, the anticipation of the festival is heightened, creating an ambiance of devotion, tradition, and the cherished bond shared with your spouse.

Fasting and Sargi

At the heart of Karwa Chauth lies the rigorous fasting observed by married women. The fast begins at sunrise and continues until the moonrise, symbolizing their unwavering dedication to their husbands’ well-being. This abstention from food and water for the entire day is a profound display of self-discipline and devotion.

The day’s fasting commences with the consumption of Sargi, a pre-dawn meal arranged by the mother-in-law. Sargi holds immense importance as it sustains women throughout the long fasting hours. Typically eaten before sunrise, the Sargi meal includes a variety of nourishing items such as fruits, dry fruits, nuts, and traditional sweets.

Sargi is not merely a meal; it’s a gesture of care and support from the mother-in-law to her daughter-in-law. It symbolizes the bond between them and embodies the spirit of unity within the family. As women rise before dawn to partake in this meal, they do so with a sense of gratitude and anticipation for the day ahead. Sargi not only provides physical sustenance but also nourishes the emotional connections that define Karwa Chauth.

Morning Rituals

As the first rays of dawn break on the day of Karwa Chauth, a series of meaningful morning rituals envelop married women in a sense of devotion and purpose. Rising before the sun, these rituals not only signify the start of the fasting period but also set the tone for a day steeped in spiritual significance.

The day begins with a cleansing bath, a ritual that purifies both body and mind, symbolizing the renewal of spiritual energy. Dressed in resplendent traditional attire, women carefully adorn themselves with bindis, jewelry, and other accessories, not just for embellishment but as a representation of cultural identity and grace.

One of the highlights of the morning is the application of intricate mehndi patterns on hands and feet. This artistic process goes beyond aesthetics; it is a gesture of love and devotion, turning the hands into canvases that tell the story of commitment. Before partaking in the pre-dawn meal known as Sargi, women offer prayers, seeking blessings for the fasting day ahead. These prayers encompass not only physical nourishment but also spiritual strength.

The sharing of Sargi, a meal arranged by the mother-in-law, becomes a heartwarming moment that underscores the unity and affection between the daughter-in-law and the family. Seeking blessings from elders, particularly from husbands and in-laws, infuses the day with positivity and reinforces the sanctity of the marital bond.

Through these morning rituals, women embrace Karwa Chauth’s essence with devotion and grace, transforming the day into a tapestry woven with tradition, love, and spiritual connection.

Puja Preparation

The culmination of Karwa Chauth is marked by the sacred evening puja, a deeply significant ritual that encapsulates the day’s fasting and devotion. This poignant ceremony is a beautiful expression of love, reverence, and spiritual connection, where married women prepare to seek blessings for their husbands’ well-being and happiness.

To embark on this spiritual journey, it’s essential to set the stage with utmost care. Create a serene and dedicated space for the puja, adorned with a clean cloth as the foundation. The puja thali takes center stage, holding essential items like the exquisitely decorated Karwa (pot), a sieve, a diya (lamp), rice, vermillion (sindoor), and mehndi cones.

The puja commences with the invocation of Lord Ganesha, the remover of obstacles, as his blessings are sought for a smooth and auspicious ceremony. The diya is illuminated, and offerings of flowers and rice are made to the deity. The Karwa, a symbol of the festival, is meticulously prepared – filled with water, adorned with vermillion and turmeric, and elevated to a state of sanctity.

The act of applying sindoor, not only to the pot but also to oneself, signifies devotion and a spiritual connection to the rituals. Holding the Karwa, the offering of water to the moon through a sieve is a poignant gesture that establishes a profound spiritual link with the moon’s energy.

The climax of the ritual arrives with the moon’s appearance. Through the sieve, one gazes at the moon and then at their husband’s face. This symbolic act infuses the bond with blessings, as the moon’s sanctified energy flows through the sieve to bless the marital connection.

As the moon’s blessings are received, the fast is broken with unity and love. Sharing a sip of water with your husband, the two of you celebrate the culmination of the fasting day together. Following this, heartfelt prayers are offered for your husband’s well-being, prosperity, and longevity, a profound declaration of your love and commitment.

The day’s observance concludes with a joyous feast, where you savor the delicacies you’ve prepared or received from loved ones. The puja preparation transforms your space into a haven of devotion, bridging tradition and personal devotion, and enriching the sacred bond that Karwa Chauth so beautifully signifies.

Karwa Chauth Puja Steps

The Karwa Chauth puja is a sacred journey that encompasses a sequence of rituals, each carrying deep spiritual significance. Following these steps allows married women to connect with their devotion, love, and the sacred bond of marriage:

Begin by creating a tranquil and sanctified puja space, where you arrange a clean cloth as the foundation. On the puja thali, assemble the essential elements – the Karwa (pot), a sieve, a diya (lamp), rice, vermillion (sindoor), and mehndi cones.

Commence the puja by invoking Lord Ganesha, seeking his blessings for a harmonious ceremony. Illuminate the diya and offer fragrant flowers and rice to the deity. Prepare the Karwa by filling it with water and sprinkling rice, anointing it with vermillion and turmeric as symbols of its sacredness.

Apply sindoor to the Karwa and yourself, a gesture that signifies devotion and the enduring marital relationship. While holding the Karwa, offer water to the moon, reciting the puja mantra. This act symbolizes a spiritual connection with the moon’s energy, believed to bless the marital bond.

Through a sieve, view the moon and then your husband’s face. This ritual sanctifies the relationship, as blessings flow through the sieve to solidify the connection. Breaking the fast is a moment of unity and love. Share a sip of water with your husband, signifying the culmination of the fasting day.

Engage in heartfelt prayers, offering blessings for your husband’s prosperity, well-being, and longevity. These words become a testament to your love and commitment. Finally, indulge in a feast, savoring the delicacies you’ve prepared or received from family. This celebratory meal marks the culmination of the fasting day’s observance.

Each step of the Karwa Chauth puja carries profound symbolism, weaving together tradition, spirituality, and the cherished marital bond. As you follow these steps, you immerse yourself in a tapestry of devotion and love, embracing the essence of Karwa Chauth’s rituals.

Dressing Up and Mehndi

Dressing up for Karwa Chauth is not just a matter of appearance; it’s a cherished tradition that encompasses a deeper significance. As married women prepare for this auspicious day, they carefully choose traditional attire that reflects cultural heritage and adds to the festive aura. Vibrant sarees, intricate lehengas, and elegant suits become the canvas on which they celebrate the sanctity of marriage.

Complementing the attire, the selection of jewelry becomes crucial. Adorning oneself with intricate bangles, necklaces, earrings, and anklets not only enhances the overall look but also adds a touch of elegance. A well-placed bindi on the forehead carries cultural symbolism, signifying the married status and adding a graceful touch to the appearance.

Experimenting with hairstyles adds a personalized touch to the ensemble. From intricate braids to sophisticated updos, each hairstyle is chosen to enhance the overall aesthetic. Subtle makeup, with a focus on the eyes and lips, enhances the festive charm, completing the transformation.

However, one of the most captivating aspects of Karwa Chauth’s preparations is the application of mehndi. This intricate art form involves delicate designs carefully crafted on hands and feet. These designs go beyond aesthetics; they carry profound symbolism, often portraying love, prosperity, and the timeless bond of marriage. Motifs like peacocks, lotus flowers, and intricate paisleys add to the symbolism, signifying various facets of married life.

The application of mehndi isn’t just a solitary act. It often becomes a bonding ritual, with friends and family joining in. This communal activity infuses joy and camaraderie into the preparations, transforming the process into a shared celebration.

Dressing up and adorning oneself with mehndi on Karwa Chauth isn’t merely about external appearance; it’s a beautiful way of embracing tradition, celebrating the marital bond, and expressing love through artistic adornment. Through these acts, women symbolize their commitment, inner beauty, and the timeless essence of their relationship.

Moonrise and Breaking the Fast

The pinnacle of the Karwa Chauth observance arrives with the eagerly awaited moonrise, a moment that carries profound significance for married women who have been fasting throughout the day.

As the day progresses and the sun sets, an air of anticipation fills the atmosphere. Women gather with their puja thalis, their hearts brimming with excitement and devotion. The moonrise holds special importance as it signals the conclusion of the fasting period and the initiation of the sacred rituals.

With the moon’s appearance in the evening sky, a serene hush descends. Holding a sieve before them, women direct their gaze towards the moon. Through the tiny holes of the sieve, they believe that the moon’s blessings flow and sanctify them, enveloping them in its celestial grace.

Following this moon gazing ritual, their gaze shifts to their husband’s face. Looking through the sieve, this act symbolizes the transfer of the moon’s blessings onto their spouse. It’s a gesture that enhances the bond between husband and wife, adding an even deeper layer of unity and connection.

The breaking of the fast is a moment of profound significance. Sharing a sip of water with their husbands, women not only quench their thirst but also symbolically break their day-long fast together. This act isn’t merely about nourishment; it’s a tangible expression of their love, devotion, and the sacred bond they share.

As the fast is broken, families come together for a joyous feast, relishing the delicacies that have been lovingly prepared. Laughter and camaraderie fill the air, marking the culmination of the fasting day in a spirit of togetherness and celebration.

Many communities also organize collective moon gazing events, where women gather on rooftops or open spaces. These gatherings magnify the sense of unity and sisterhood, as they collectively witness the moon’s rise.

In essence, the moonrise and breaking of the fast are the climactic moments of Karwa Chauth. Through these rituals, women celebrate not only unity, devotion, and love but also the timeless bond between husband and wife – a bond that the moon itself seems to bless with its celestial presence.

Celebrations and Gatherings

The culmination of the fasting day on Karwa Chauth is marked by a joyous symphony of celebrations and heartwarming gatherings that resonate with love, togetherness, and shared joy. As the sun sets and the fast comes to an end, families come together to partake in a sumptuous feast that embodies the spirit of unity and the bond between spouses. The feast is a canvas of traditional delicacies, lovingly prepared to invoke nostalgia and a sense of cultural belonging.

Karwa Chauth serves as a catalyst for family bonding, bringing generations together under one roof. Elders bless the younger members, and laughter reverberates through the air as stories are shared, creating enduring memories that will be cherished for years to come.

Communities join the festivities through collective celebrations, organizing moon gazing events and cultural programs. These gatherings foster a sense of camaraderie among neighbors, fostering a shared sense of belonging and cultural heritage. Friendships also take center stage as married women come together to celebrate the occasion. Through shared rituals and heartfelt conversations, they find solace and strength in one another, strengthening the bonds of sisterhood.

Gift exchange is a cherished tradition during these celebrations, symbolizing love and well-wishes. Husbands present thoughtful gifts to their wives, acknowledging their dedication and devotion. Cultural performances, songs, and dances infuse the celebrations with vibrancy and enthusiasm. These expressions of joy encapsulate the essence of the occasion, creating an atmosphere of shared happiness and cultural richness.

Karwa Chauth celebrations transcend time, bridging generations and preserving cultural legacy. It’s a beautiful interplay of tradition and modernity, where timeless rituals are passed down to the next generation while adapting to contemporary ways of celebration.

Ultimately, these gatherings create a tapestry of memorable moments – laughter, love, and unity woven together to form the essence of Karwa Chauth’s celebrations. As families and friends join hands to celebrate the conclusion of the fasting day, the occasion transforms into a profound celebration of the most cherished relationships that color life with beauty and joy.


Karwa Chauth, a celebration of love, devotion, and marital unity, holds a special place in the hearts of married couples. From the pre-dawn Sargi to the moonrise rituals, each step of the day is imbued with profound symbolism and significance. As women observe the fast with unwavering devotion, they not only reaffirm their love for their spouses but also embrace the timeless traditions that have been passed down through generations.

The rituals and practices of Karwa Chauth go beyond mere observance; they are a reflection of the deep bond that ties husband and wife together. The fast is a symbol of sacrifice and dedication, while the rituals are expressions of love and commitment. Through the puja, moon gazing, and breaking of the fast, couples reinforce their relationship’s sanctity and strengthen their marital connection.

The celebrations and gatherings that follow the fasting day add a vibrant dimension to the occasion. Families, friends, and communities come together to share in the joy and unity that Karwa Chauth embodies. These celebrations serve as reminders of the support, love, and togetherness that are the cornerstones of a successful marriage.

Karwa Chauth is more than a ritual; it’s a celebration that transcends time and generations. It’s a reminder that love, devotion, and tradition can stand steadfast in a rapidly changing world. As couples mark the completion of the fasting day, they create memories that become woven into the tapestry of their lives, reinforcing the sacred vows they exchanged on their wedding day.