Makar Sankranti 2024 Date, Timing & Muhurat

Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti is an auspicious festival in the Hindu calendar, celebrated with great fervor across various parts of India. It marks the transition of the Sun into the zodiac sign of Capricorn (Makara), signifying the end of the winter solstice and the onset of longer days.

This transition is not just an astronomical event but also holds immense cultural and spiritual significance. As we approach Makar Sankranti in 2024, let’s delve into the details of its date, timing, and muhurat, and explore the myriad ways in which this festival is celebrated across India.

Date and Astrological Significance

Makar Sankranti 2024 is expected to fall on January 15th, as it usually does every year. However, the exact timing of the Sun’s transition can vary slightly, making it essential to consult the Hindu calendar or panchang for precise timings.

This festival is unique as it follows the solar cycle, unlike most Hindu festivals which are based on the lunar cycle.

Timing & Muhurat

The timing of the Makar Sankranti is crucial for performing rituals and auspicious activities. In 2024, the Sankranti moment, when the Sun transits into Capricorn, is expected to occur at a specific time, which can be found in the panchang.

This muhurat is considered highly auspicious for performing charity, taking holy dips in rivers, and offering prayers to the Sun God.

Cultural Significance and Celebrations

Spiritual Aspect:

Makar Sankranti is a day of great spiritual importance. Many believe that taking a dip in the holy rivers, such as the Ganges, Yamuna, Godavari, or Krishna, washes away sins and brings salvation.

Harvest Festival:

In agrarian communities, Makar Sankranti is a harvest festival. It marks the end of the winter harvest and the beginning of a new harvest season. Farmers offer thanks to the Sun God for a successful harvest and seek blessings for the upcoming season.

Regional Variations in Celebrations:

Uttarayan in Gujarat:

In Gujarat, the day is celebrated as Uttarayan. The skies are adorned with colorful kites, and it’s a major cultural event where families and communities gather to fly kites.

Pongal in Tamil Nadu:

A four-day festival where the first day, Bhogi Pongal, involves cleaning and discarding old belongings. The second day, Surya Pongal, is dedicated to worshipping the Sun God.

Lohri in Punjab:

Celebrated a day before Makar Sankranti, Lohri is marked by lighting bonfires, dancing, and eating festive foods.

Magh Bihu in Assam:

This festival involves community feasts and traditional games, reflecting the Assamese culture.

Traditional Foods

Makar Sankranti is also a festival of culinary delights. Various traditional dishes are prepared using seasonal ingredients. Sweets made from jaggery and sesame seeds, such as til-gud laddoo, are popular, symbolizing sweetness and warmth in relationships. Pongal, a sweet rice dish in Tamil Nadu, and Makara Chaula in Odisha are other traditional delicacies.

Social Aspect

The festival also has a strong social aspect, fostering a sense of community and togetherness. It’s a time for families to come together, and for people to forgive past grievances and start afresh. Charity is a significant part of the festival, with people donating food, clothes, and other essentials to the needy.

Environmental Consciousness

In recent years, there has been a growing awareness about the environmental impact of festival celebrations, particularly concerning the use of plastic and non-biodegradable materials in kites. Efforts are being made to promote eco-friendly practices, such as using biodegradable materials and avoiding harmful strings that can injure birds and animals.


Makar Sankranti 2024 is not just an astronomical event, but a festival imbued with deep cultural, spiritual, and social significance. It’s a celebration of life, renewal, and gratitude towards nature and the divine.

As we prepare to celebrate this festival, let’s embrace its true spirit by engaging in acts of kindness, enjoying the traditional customs, and fostering a sense of unity and harmony with our community and the environment.