Paryushan 2023 Start and End Date: Jain Samvatsari Day


Paryushan, a profound and spiritually enriching festival, holds a special place in the hearts of Jain communities worldwide. Rooted in the Jain philosophy of self-reflection, forgiveness, and asceticism, Paryushan is a period of intense introspection and purification of the soul. As we approach Paryushan in 2023, it’s an opportune moment to embark on a journey into the depths of this significant Jain festival.

At its core, Paryushan is a time for Jains to turn their gaze inward, seeking self-improvement and spiritual growth through a combination of fasting, prayer, and meditation. It is a period marked by a profound commitment to non-violence (ahimsa), truthfulness (satya), non-stealing (asteya), celibacy (brahmacharya), and non-possessiveness (aparigraha)—the fundamental principles of Jainism.

This blog post aims to be your guide to Paryushan in 2023, beginning with the announcement of its start date and the explanation of its significance within the Jain calendar. We will delve into the rituals and customs that define this period of intense devotion, including fasting and seeking forgiveness, both from others and within oneself.

Paryushan concludes with the auspicious Jain Samvatsari Day, a day of profound significance, where Jains seek forgiveness from one another and offer their prayers for spiritual cleansing and harmony. We will explore the rituals and teachings associated with this culminating day.

Beyond the religious observances, Paryushan carries a cultural and spiritual significance that extends to fostering unity among Jain communities and reflecting on universal themes of self-improvement and forgiveness.

As we journey through this blog post, we will uncover how Paryushan is celebrated in the modern world, with innovations and initiatives that promote environmental consciousness and the use of technology to connect Jain communities across the globe during this sacred period.

Join us on this insightful expedition into Paryushan and Jain Samvatsari Day in 2023—a journey that offers spiritual enrichment, cultural insights, and a deeper understanding of the profound principles that guide Jainism.

Paryushan Start Date

Paryushan, a period of profound spiritual significance for Jains, is marked by its commencement date—a moment that aligns with the rhythms of the Jain calendar and heralds the beginning of this sacred festival. In 2023, Paryushan embarks on 11 th September 2023, setting in motion a time of intense devotion, self-reflection, and asceticism.

The start date of Paryushan is determined by the Jain lunar calendar, typically falling in the month of Bhadrapada (September in the Gregorian calendar). It signals the commencement of an eight-day or ten-day fasting period, where Jains devote themselves to spiritual practices and engage in acts of penance. This time is characterized by a profound commitment to non-violence, truth, and the purification of the soul.

Devotees during Paryushan not only abstain from consuming food after sunset but also engage in a variety of rituals and prayers, seeking inner purification and spiritual growth. It is a time when Jains intensify their efforts to live in accordance with the fundamental principles of Jainism, striving for self-improvement and a deeper connection with their faith.

Understanding the precise start date of Paryushan allows Jains to prepare mentally and spiritually for this transformative period. As we continue our journey through the upcoming sections, we will explore the rituals, customs, and spiritual significance that define Paryushan, shedding light on how this festival serves as a powerful reminder of the Jain path of righteousness and self-realization.

Paryushan End Date and Jain Samvatsari Day

The culmination of Paryushan is marked by its end date, which leads to the auspicious celebration of Jain Samvatsari Day. In 2023, this significant conclusion occurs on 18th September 2023. It’s a time of profound reflection, forgiveness, and spiritual renewal within the Jain community.Jain Samvatsari Day, also known as “Michhami Dukkadam,” is the day of ultimate forgiveness and spiritual purification.

It is the pinnacle of Paryushan, embodying the Jain philosophy of seeking forgiveness and letting go of all past transgressions. On this day, Jains come together in a spirit of humility, acknowledging their imperfections and seeking forgiveness from one another for any harm caused, whether intentionally or unintentionally.The rituals of Jain Samvatsari Day are deeply symbolic and emotionally charged.

Families and communities gather to request and grant forgiveness, uttering the sacred phrase “Michhami Dukkadam” as they seek to cleanse their hearts of negative emotions and grudges. This act of forgiveness not only restores personal harmony but also strengthens the bonds of unity within the Jain community.

The day also involves visiting temples, engaging in prayers, and listening to sermons that emphasize the importance of forgiveness, compassion, and self-purification. Jain Samvatsari Day serves as a powerful reminder of the significance of ahimsa (non-violence) and its application in both thought and deed. Understanding the concluding date of Paryushan and the significance of Jain Samvatsari Day enables Jains to prepare for this moment of spiritual renewal and forgiveness. As we continue our exploration in the upcoming sections, we will delve into the specific rituals and customs observed during Paryushan, shedding light on the profound teachings that underpin this sacred festival.

Rituals and Observations during Paryushan

Paryushan is a time of deep spiritual reflection, and its rituals and observances are central to the Jain way of life. The festival unfolds with a series of customs and practices that exemplify devotion, self-discipline, and the pursuit of inner purity.

Fasting (Upvas): Fasting is one of the most prominent aspects of Paryushan. During this period, Jains abstain from consuming food after sunset, embracing a strict regimen of self-control and asceticism. Fasting serves as a reminder of the importance of detachment from worldly desires and the cultivation of inner strength.

Prayers and Meditation: Paryushan is a time of intensified spiritual practices. Devotees engage in prolonged periods of prayer and meditation, seeking a deeper connection with their faith and a heightened state of consciousness. Temples become centers of devotion, with elaborate rituals and sermons conducted to guide the faithful on their spiritual journey.

Study of Scriptures (Sutrakshar Pachhakan): Jains dedicate themselves to the study of Jain scriptures during Paryushan. This practice involves the recitation of important texts and the contemplation of their profound teachings. It serves to enhance spiritual knowledge and reinforce the ethical and moral principles of Jainism.

Seeking Forgiveness (Kshamapana): The hallmark of Paryushan is the act of seeking and granting forgiveness. Jain Samvatsari Day, in particular, is dedicated to this practice. Families and communities come together to apologize for any wrongdoings and to forgive others. The phrase “Michhami Dukkadam” is uttered sincerely, signifying the desire to let go of all animosity and ill will.

Acts of Charity and Compassion: Charity and acts of kindness take center stage during Paryushan. Devotees make efforts to help those in need, offering food, clothing, and assistance to the less fortunate. This practice embodies the Jain principle of compassion and selflessness.

Spiritual Retreats (Derasar Visit): Many Jains embark on pilgrimages to Jain temples (derasars) during Paryushan, seeking spiritual inspiration and tranquility. These visits offer an opportunity for devout reflection and reconnection with their faith.

Eco-Friendly Practices: In recent years, there has been a growing awareness of environmental consciousness during Paryushan. Devotees are encouraged to minimize their carbon footprint by reducing waste, conserving resources, and opting for eco-friendly alternatives.

Paryushan’s rituals and observations serve as a powerful reminder of Jain values, emphasizing non-violence, truth, and self-discipline. They create an environment conducive to self-improvement, spiritual growth, and the cultivation of inner peace. As we delve deeper into this blog post, we will explore the cultural and spiritual significance of Paryushan, highlighting how this festival fosters unity and harmony among Jain communities.

Cultural and Spiritual Significance

Paryushan transcends its religious roots to hold profound cultural and spiritual significance within the Jain community. This festival is more than a mere religious observance; it is a cultural tapestry interwoven with timeless values and profound teachings that resonate with Jains worldwide.

Culturally, Paryushan serves as a unifying force, bringing Jain communities together in a spirit of devotion and harmony. Families and neighborhoods join hands to observe the festival’s rituals, creating a sense of togetherness and camaraderie. The practice of seeking and granting forgiveness during Jain Samvatsari Day is not just a personal ritual; it strengthens the bonds of community and fosters unity among Jains.

Spiritually, Paryushan is a time of introspection and self-purification. The emphasis on fasting, prayer, and meditation allows devotees to delve deep into their consciousness, seeking a connection with their inner selves and the divine. The act of seeking forgiveness carries profound spiritual weight, encouraging Jains to let go of grudges and negative emotions, paving the way for inner peace and reconciliation.

Furthermore, Paryushan reinforces the core principles of Jainism, particularly the concept of non-violence (ahimsa) and truthfulness (satya). These principles extend beyond the festival, guiding Jains in their daily lives as they strive to live harmoniously with all beings and adhere to the path of righteousness.

The cultural and spiritual significance of Paryushan is not limited to the Jain community alone. It carries universal themes of forgiveness, self-improvement, and unity that resonate with people of all backgrounds. In a world often marked by discord, Paryushan stands as a testament to the enduring values of compassion, non-violence, and the pursuit of inner peace.

As we continue our journey through this blog post, we will explore the modern celebrations and adaptations of Paryushan, shedding light on how this festival continues to thrive in the contemporary world while staying true to its cultural and spiritual essence.

Modern Celebrations and Adaptations

Paryushan, while deeply rooted in tradition, has also evolved to embrace modernity, adapt to changing times, and address contemporary concerns. In the 21st century, the festival continues to thrive with renewed vigor, incorporating innovative practices and adapting to the needs of the modern Jain community.

One significant adaptation in recent years has been the resurgence of eco-friendly celebrations. As environmental consciousness grows, many Jains have chosen to use clay idols and natural materials for their Paryushan rituals. This shift reflects a commitment to sustainability, reducing the ecological impact of the festival by ensuring that idol immersions leave no lasting harm to the environment.

Technology has also played a pivotal role in modern Paryushan celebrations. In an era of global connectivity, Jains from around the world come together virtually to observe the festival. Social media platforms, video conferencing, and live streaming have become tools for sharing Paryushan’s spiritual messages, connecting communities, and allowing those in different parts of the world to participate in the festivities.

Additionally, there has been a concerted effort to use technology for spreading awareness about eco-friendly practices, waste management, and the responsible use of resources during Paryushan. Campaigns and initiatives leverage digital platforms to promote environmentally conscious celebrations.

Contemporary artists and artisans have not been left untouched by the winds of change. The art of idol-making has seen innovative themes and creative expressions, infusing fresh energy into traditional practices. These unique creations not only captivate the eye but also serve as a testament to the evolving artistic heritage of Paryushan.

Furthermore, there has been a growing emphasis on inclusivity and outreach. Paryushan has expanded its reach, embracing Jains of all ages, backgrounds, and walks of life. It has become a platform for cultural exchange, where the values of Jainism—compassion, non-violence, and truth—are shared with a global audience, transcending cultural and geographical boundaries.

In these modern celebrations and adaptations, Paryushan retains its core values of self-improvement, forgiveness, and spirituality. It showcases the resilience and relevance of this ancient festival in an ever-changing world, reaffirming its place in the hearts and lives of Jains across the globe.

As we approach Paryushan in 2023, we are reminded that while the world evolves, the timeless principles of self-purification and unity remain at the heart of this cherished festival. In the final section of this blog post, we will delve into the significance of Jain Samvatsari Day and conclude our exploration of Paryushan.


As we conclude our journey through Paryushan, a festival that resonates with profound cultural and spiritual significance, we are reminded of its enduring relevance in the modern world. Paryushan, while firmly rooted in tradition, has shown a remarkable capacity to evolve and adapt to the changing times, making it a vibrant and living festival that continues to enrich the lives of Jains worldwide.

In its essence, Paryushan is a celebration of self-reflection, forgiveness, and spiritual growth. It stands as a testament to the Jain philosophy of non-violence, truthfulness, and the pursuit of inner purity. The rituals and practices associated with Paryushan serve as powerful tools for personal transformation and spiritual awakening.

The festival also carries immense cultural significance, fostering unity and togetherness among Jain communities. It is a time when families, neighborhoods, and communities come together in a spirit of devotion, seeking forgiveness and reconciliation. The act of seeking and granting forgiveness on Jain Samvatsari Day not only cleanses the soul but also strengthens the bonds of community.

Moreover, Paryushan’s cultural and spiritual messages extend beyond the Jain community, resonating with people of all backgrounds. In a world often marked by strife and discord, Paryushan serves as a beacon of compassion, non-violence, and the pursuit of inner peace.

In its modern celebrations and adaptations, Paryushan showcases its resilience and relevance. The embrace of eco-friendly practices, the use of technology for connectivity, and the innovative expressions of art and culture all demonstrate the festival’s ability to adapt while staying true to its core values.

As we bid farewell to Paryushan in 2023, we extend our warmest wishes to all Jains, near and far. May the festival’s teachings of self-improvement, forgiveness, and unity continue to guide your lives. May the echoes of “Michhami Dukkadam” reverberate in your hearts, reminding you of the enduring values of compassion and non-violence that Paryushan represents.

Paryushan is not merely a festival; it is a timeless journey of self-discovery and spiritual awakening. May it continue to illuminate your path, bringing peace, harmony, and inner transformation to all who embrace its teachings.