Sri Ram Navami and it’s Celebration Across Different Cities in India

Shree Ram Navami

Sri Ram Navami is one of the most significant festivals in the Hindu calendar, commemorating the birth of Lord Rama, a revered figure in Hinduism and the seventh avatar of Lord Vishnu. Traditionally falling on the ninth day in the month of Chaitra according to the Hindu lunar calendar, the festival is a culmination of the nine-day festival of Chaitra Navratri.

It is a day of great importance not just in religious terms, but also culturally and historically. While the core essence of the festival remains the same, the celebrations manifest in unique ways across different cities in India.

Ayodhya: The Birthplace of Lord Rama

No discussion of Ram Navami would be complete without mentioning Ayodhya, the birthplace of Lord Rama. Located in the state of Uttar Pradesh, Ayodhya sees perhaps the grandest celebrations. On this auspicious day, the town becomes a sea of people dressed in colorful attire, singing bhajans (devotional songs) and chanting ‘Sri Ram Jai Ram Jai Jai Ram.’ The main temple, known as the Ram Janmabhoomi Temple, is decorated opulently, and a special aarti (prayer) is conducted. Devotees take a dip in the Sarayu River, believed to wash away their sins.

Bhadrachalam: The Southern Abode

Situated in the state of Telangana, Bhadrachalam is another center for extravagant Ram Navami celebrations. The temple dedicated to Lord Rama here is flocked by devotees on this day. Bhadrachalam is unique for its ‘Sitarama Kalyanam’ (the celestial wedding of Lord Rama and Sita), an enactment that draws audiences from all over South India. Special pujas are conducted, and the temple priests narrate the Ramayana, particularly focusing on the Ram-Sita wedding episode.

Rameswaram: Where Rama Built the Bridge

The island of Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu holds immense significance in the Ramayana as the launching point for the bridge to Lanka. The Ramanathaswamy Temple celebrates Ram Navami with devotion and fervor. Special pujas and rituals, including a grand chariot procession, are conducted. Devotees also walk around the temple, performing ‘angapradakshinam,’ a devotional practice of rolling on the floor around the deity.

Mumbai: Metropolis of Faith

In Mumbai, the festival is a blend of spirituality and modernity. While the Siddhivinayak and Babulnath Temples host traditional rituals, public celebrations in the form of ‘Rathayatras’ (chariot processions) and stage enactments of scenes from the Ramayana are popular. Temples and homes are elaborately decorated, and hymns are sung in Marathi, Hindi, and Sanskrit.

Kolkata: The Bengali Touch

While Ram Navami is not as grandly celebrated in West Bengal as Durga Puja, the day holds religious significance. Temples dedicated to Lord Rama in Kolkata, such as the Kali Tala Ram Mandir, conduct special aartis and distribute prasad. Families often come together for a vegetarian meal featuring traditional Bengali dishes. Cultural programs featuring dance, music, and recitations from the Ramayana are also organized.

Varanasi: The Spiritual Capital

Being one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world and a significant religious hub, Varanasi celebrates Ram Navami with traditional rituals. The Sankat Mochan Temple, dedicated to Hanuman, who was an ardent devotee of Rama, becomes a focal point of celebrations. The temple premises resonate with chants, and believers immerse themselves in reciting the Sundarakanda, a chapter from the Ramayana.

Orchha: Lesser-Known yet Profound

Orchha, in Madhya Pradesh, is home to the Raja Ram Temple, unique because Lord Rama is worshipped here as a king. Ram Navami is celebrated as the King’s birthday with royal ceremonies, including a symbolic coronation. The air is filled with the scent of incense and fresh flowers as processions make their way through the town.

Tradition Meets Modernity

In the era of digitalization, the essence of Ram Navami is also seen in the virtual world. Social media platforms are flooded with messages, artworks, and digital renditions of the Ramayana. Apps and online services offer virtual pujas for those who cannot attend in person.


Sri Ram Navami is a festival that showcases India’s unity in diversity. The core essence of devotion remains constant, yet the celebrations are as varied as the land itself. These regional variations not only reflect the rich tapestry of cultures and traditions that constitute India but also demonstrate the universality of Lord Rama’s appeal, cutting across linguistic and geographical boundaries.

Whether it’s the sacred hymns in the temples or the joyous processions on the streets, Sri Ram Navami is a heartwarming testament to the country’s shared heritage and enduring faith.