Dhanteras Puja

About Dhanteras Puja

Dhanteras, also known as Dhanatrayodashi, is an auspicious festival celebrated in India, particularly among Hindus. It marks the beginning of the five-day festival of Diwali, which is one of the most significant festivals in the Indian subcontinent. Dhanteras falls on the 13th lunar day of Krishna Paksha (the waning phase of the moon) in the Hindu calendar month of Ashwin. The term “Dhanteras” is derived from two words: “Dhan,” which means wealth, and “Teras,” which refers to the 13th day.

Dhanteras Puja is a special ceremony dedicated to Lord Dhanvantari, the god of Ayurveda, and the Goddess Lakshmi, the deity of wealth and prosperity. The festival holds immense significance for businessmen, traders, and householders alike as it is believed that performing the Dhanteras Puja will attract prosperity, good health, and well-being into one’s life.

On this day, people clean and decorate their homes and workplaces. Rangolis, intricate designs made from colored powders, are drawn at the entrance of homes to welcome the goddess Lakshmi. Lamps and diyas are lit in the evening as a part of the ceremony. It is considered especially auspicious to purchase metals like gold, silver, or even utensils on Dhanteras. Such purchases are believed to bring good luck and prosperity for the family.

Dhanteras Puja

The ritualistic Puja generally involves setting up an altar with idols or pictures of Lord Dhanvantari and Goddess Lakshmi. Offerings of flowers, fruits, sweets, and other traditional items are made. Prayers, hymns, and mantras are recited to invoke divine blessings. In some traditions, cowrie shells are used in the Puja rituals as they are believed to attract wealth. After the Puja, it is customary to light a ‘Yamadeep’—a lamp dedicated to Yama, the god of death—to ward off untimely death and bring longevity to family members.

Business establishments and shops also perform the Puja and keep their accounting books in front of the divine altar for blessings for the coming year. It is also common to exchange gifts and sweets among family and friends on this day.

Dhanteras Puja serves as a symbolic representation of the human aspiration for health and material wealth. The rituals and traditions, rich in symbolic meaning, not only imbue participants with a sense of spiritual connection but also foster communal bonds. For believers, the day offers a unique blend of devotion, tradition, and hope for a future blessed with prosperity and well-being.

So, as you light the diya on Dhanteras, it’s not just a customary ritual but a beacon that signifies the triumph of light over darkness, and of health and prosperity over adversity.

What are the benefits of performing Dhanteras Puja?​

Unlocking the Multi-Faceted Benefits of Dhanteras Puja: From Spiritual Blessings to Community Bonds.

Spiritual Upliftment and Blessings

Dhanteras Puja is primarily a spiritual ceremony that centers on invoking the blessings of Goddess Lakshmi, the deity of wealth, and Lord Dhanvantari, the god of health. Devotees believe that performing this Puja with sincere devotion can gain them the favor of these deities. This divine intervention, they trust, will usher in prosperity, well-being, and good health, setting a positive and sacred tone for the subsequent Diwali festivities.

Material and Financial Prosperity

The essence of Dhanteras revolves around wealth and prosperity. By worshipping Goddess Lakshmi, businesses and households aim to invite material abundance into their lives. It is customary for traders and businessmen to place their accounting books in front of the deity, seeking blessings for a successful financial year ahead. The act symbolizes the hope for increased earnings, business growth, and financial stability.

Health and Well-being

In addition to wealth, health is a crucial aspect of Dhanteras Puja. By worshipping Lord Dhanvantari, devotees seek protection from ailments and pray for the overall well-being of their family. The god, revered as the father of Ayurveda, is invoked to bless individuals with good health, vitality, and longevity. This focus on health during the Puja underscores the belief that true prosperity is a combination of both wealth and well-being.

Psychological and Emotional Balance

 Partaking in the Puja rituals can have profound psychological benefits. The chants, hymns, and collective energy of the ceremony can be therapeutic, ushering in a sense of tranquility. Such practices often lead to stress relief, offering a break from the daily grind. The heightened sense of hope and optimism associated with Dhanteras also contributes to a positive outlook, helping individuals deal with challenges in a balanced manner.

Strengthening Social and Community Ties

 Dhanteras is not just an individual or family affair; it often extends to the broader community. Neighbors, friends, and extended family come together to celebrate, thereby fostering community spirit and unity. Exchanging gifts, sharing meals, and collectively participating in the rituals enable individuals to bond, thereby enhancing social relationships and instilling a sense of belonging.

Cultural Continuity and Tradition

Dhanteras Puja serves as a bridge connecting generations through shared cultural and traditional practices. By engaging in the rituals, stories, and practices associated with the Puja, the younger generation is exposed to their rich heritage. This passing down of traditions ensures cultural continuity, helping to preserve and celebrate the community’s shared history and values.

Who should perform Dhanteras Puja?

Dhanteras Puja is a cherished ritual that marks the onset of the five-day Diwali festival. As a ceremony that seeks blessings for prosperity, health, and well-being, one might wonder who should ideally perform this Puja.

Business Owners and Entrepreneurs

For business owners, Dhanteras Puja serves as a symbolic fresh start for new ventures and a revitalizing energy for ongoing enterprises. The occasion is particularly significant for inviting divine blessings on accounting books and assets, setting the tone for a prosperous financial year ahead. Business owners can perform this Puja to seek financial stability and growth for their companies.

Families and Homeowners

For families, Dhanteras holds immense significance as it is considered an auspicious time to make new purchases, especially those related to metal such as utensils, jewelry, or vehicles. Performing the Puja at home attracts positive energy and blessings for all family members, aiming for health, happiness, and prosperity. It serves to foster family unity and offers an opportunity to pass down traditions to younger generations.

Individuals Seeking Health and Wellness

Given that Lord Dhanvantari, the god of health and Ayurveda, is also worshipped during Dhanteras, individuals who are looking for health solutions find this Puja especially relevant. Whether you’re combating a disease, or you’re a health-conscious individual aiming for longevity and vitality, performing the Puja can be emotionally and spiritually uplifting.

Couples and Newlyweds

For couples, especially those who have recently tied the knot, Dhanteras Puja is a beautiful way to start their life journey together under the aegis of divine blessings. It is an excellent opportunity for them to seek prosperity, understanding, and happiness in their relationship, setting a strong foundation for the years to come.

Community Groups and Organizations

Dhanteras Puja isn’t restricted to homes or businesses; it can be a community event too. Religious organizations, community centers, and social groups often organize large-scale Pujas, inviting people from different walks of life. This collective way of observing Dhanteras reinforces community bonds and promotes cultural inclusion.

Spiritual Seekers

For those who are on a spiritual journey, Dhanteras Puja can be a moment of introspection and connecting with the divine. While the material aspects like wealth and health are widely celebrated, the spiritual elements are also intrinsic to the festival. Spiritual seekers can use this occasion to delve deeper into their practices, seeking inner peace and enlightenment.

Dhanteras Puja Samagri List​

Preparing for Dhanteras Puja involves gathering various items that are essential for the rituals and offerings. Each item serves a specific purpose, adding to the sanctity and effectiveness of the Puja. This comprehensive list details the categories, samagri (materials), and their respective purposes, helping you ensure that your Dhanteras Puja is both complete and meaningful.

Basic OfferingsDiya (Oil Lamps)
To symbolize enlightenment and purity
 Incense Sticks
To purify the atmosphere and invoke divinity
Ritual ItemsKalash (Pitcher)
For holding holy water during the Puja
 Kumkum and Rice
For marking the forehead and offerings
 Turmeric Powder
For purification and offerings
 Betel Leaves
Used as a base for placing other offerings
Deity IdolsIdol or Picture of Lord Dhanvantari
To worship the god of Ayurveda
 Idol or Picture of Goddess Lakshmi
To invoke blessings of wealth and prosperity
Clothing & DecorationYellow or Red Cloth
To place beneath the deity idols
 Rangoli Powder
To make designs that are both decorative and auspicious
 Flower Garlands
For decorating the idols and the Puja space
Prayer AccessoriesBell
To indicate the beginning and end of rituals
 Conch Shell
To announce the commencement of the Puja
 Prayer Book
For hymns, prayers, and mantras
Food OfferingsFruits
As offerings to the deities
To offer to the gods and later distribute as Prasad
 Dry Fruits
As an additional offering to deities

Dhanteras Puja Procedure​

Performing Dhanteras Puja is a significant part of the Dhanteras festival, which falls two days before Diwali. The ritual primarily honors Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Dhanvantari and is believed to bring prosperity, good health, and well-being. Here is a general guideline for conducting a Dhanteras Puja:


  1. Clean the House: It’s essential to clean your home before the Puja, as cleanliness attracts positive energy.
  2. Set up the Altar: Place a red or yellow cloth on a raised platform and position the idols or pictures of Lord Dhanvantari and Goddess Lakshmi.
  3. Decorate the Area: Adorn the Puja space with flowers, Rangoli, and light a few diyas around it.


  1. Light the Main Diya: Light the central oil lamp to signify the start of the Puja.
  2. Ring the Bell: Use a bell to create a sacred atmosphere and indicate that the Puja has begun.
  3. Initial Prayers: Chant initial prayers or mantras to set the mood and invoke divine blessings.

Worship of Lord Dhanvantari

  1. Offer Prayers: Offer flowers while reciting prayers dedicated to Lord Dhanvantari, the god of Ayurveda.
  2. Place Offerings: Place fruits, sweets, and other offerings before the deity.

Worship of Goddess Lakshmi

  1. Offer Flowers and Sweets: Place flowers and sweets as offerings before the idol or picture of Goddess Lakshmi.
  2. Recite Mantras: Chant specific mantras or hymns dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi for prosperity.

Additional Rituals

  1. Perform Aarti: Rotate an ‘Aarti Thali’ or plate with a lighted lamp in front of the deities while chanting prayers.
  2. Blow the Conch: Sound the conch shell to signify the high point of the Puja.


  1. Distribute Prasad: Share the offerings among family and friends as Prasad, which is considered to be blessed by the gods.
  2. Offer Gratitude: Finally, thank the gods for their blessings and seek forgiveness for any unintentional mistakes made during the Puja.

Frequently Asked Questions about Mahalakshmi Puja

Dhanteras Puja is conducted to seek the blessings of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Dhanvantari. The festival marks the beginning of the five-day Diwali celebrations and is believed to bring prosperity, wealth, and good health.

The primary deities worshipped during Dhanteras Puja are Lord Dhanvantari, the god of Ayurveda, and Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity.

The Puja is generally performed during the evening after sunset, also known as the Pradosh Kaal. The timing may vary based on the lunar calendar, and it’s common to consult a local priest or almanac for precise timings.

The list of items or ‘Samagri’ for Dhanteras Puja includes items like diyas, incense sticks, idols, fruits, sweets, and various other offerings. A detailed list can usually be found in Puja guides or obtained from a religious authority.

It’s considered auspicious to buy gold, silver, or new utensils on Dhanteras. Some people also buy new appliances, vehicles, or start new business ventures.

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